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A Few Words On Fish Health

The best way to deal with fish diseases is to prevent them from happening in the first place. If you don't overcrowd, don't overfeed, do partial water changes at least every 2 weeks and quarantine all new fish and plants then you will have avoided 90% of all fish problems.
In keeping with the KIS way of simplifying Aquarium Keeping, I normally use only 2 different medicines for treating fish illnesses. The first one is salt, regular table salt. Added to the water at about 1 teaspoon per gallon. This has been the miracle cure for me. Salt will kill or prevent most parasite problems, helps wounds heal faster and generally makes the fish feel better. The second miracle cure is copper. The easiest way to use it is to buy an aquarium medicine that contains copper in some form. My favorite is called Had-A-Snail. It was originally made to kill snails. In fact it kills all invertebrates, that includes snails, worms, shrimp, parasites, hydra and a host of other undesirables. Another product with copper in an usable form is Aquarisol. With copper the old saying "less is more" is a good rule to follow, you only use a few drops per gallon, so a little goes a long way.
      Another very important cure for sick fish is CLEAN water. Polluted water is a big fish killer in tanks, and ponds and rivers. A water change can never hurt a sick fish and will usually help the situation a lot.
Here is a list of common symptoms, afflictions, their causes and cures.

Parasitic Infections

Ich or ick or whitespot
Ick (Ich) or Whitespot


Fungus And Bacterial Infections

Fungus Infection
Fungal Infection



Dropsy Infection
Severe Dropsy Infection

medsWhen it comes to medicines for fish, it's always best to use simple nondestructive cures like salt or maybe copper for extreme cases. The last thing a sick fish needs is to be living in a constantly changing chemical soup of fish medicines, pH altering additives and a dead bacterial filter bed.

Snails are not as big a problem as you may think, I like snails, only when they are severely overpopulating a tank are they really a nuisance.

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